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You searched for: creator:"Morris, Peter"
[texts]Moving from Outsider to Insider: Peer Status and Partnerships between Electricity Utilities and Residential Consumers. (Volume 9) - Morris, Peter
This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractAn electricity demand reduction project based on comprehensive residential consumer engagement was established within an Australian community in 2008. By 2011, both the peak demand and grid supplied electricity consumption had decreased to below pre-intervention levels. This case study research explored the relationship developed between the utility, community and individual consumer from the residential customer perspective through qualitative res...
Downloads: 3
[texts]Food incentives to improve completion of tuberculosis treatment: randomised controlled trial in Dili, Timor-Leste. (Volume 339) - Martins, Nelson
This article is from BMJ : British Medical Journal, volume 339.AbstractObjective To determine the effectiveness of the provision of whole food to enhance completion of treatment for tuberculosis.Design Parallel group randomised controlled trial.Setting Three primary care clinics in Dili, Timor-Leste.Participants 270 adults aged ≥18 with previously untreated newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis.Main outcome measures Completion of treatment (including cure)...
[texts]Are hygiene and public health interventions likely to improve outcomes for Australian Aboriginal children living in remote communities? A systematic review of the literature. (Volume 8) - McDonald, Elizabeth
This article is from BMC Public Health, volume 8.AbstractBackground: Australian Aboriginal children living in remote communities still experience a high burden of common infectious diseases which are generally attributed to poor hygiene and unsanitary living conditions. The objective of this systematic literature review was to examine the epidemiological evidence for a relationship between various hygiene and public health intervention strategies, separately or in combination, and the occurrence...
[texts]Compared to placebo, long-term antibiotics resolve otitis media with effusion (OME) and prevent acute otitis media with perforation (AOMwiP) in a high-risk population: A randomized controlled trial. (Volume 8) - Leach, Amanda J
This article is from BMC Pediatrics, volume 8.AbstractBackground: For children at high risk of chronic suppurative otitis media (CSOM), strategies to prevent acute otitis media with perforation (AOMwiP) may reduce progression to CSOM. Methods: In a double blind study in northern Australia, 103 Aboriginal infants with first detection of OME were randomised to receive either amoxicillin (50 mg/kg/d BD) or placebo for 24 weeks, or until bilateral aerated middle ears were diagnosed at two successive...
[texts]Dictionary of films - Sadoul, Georges, 1904-1967
Translation of Dictionnaire des films
Keywords: bub_upload; Motion pictures
Downloads: 10
[texts]Otitis media in children vaccinated during consecutive 7-valent or 10-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccination schedules. (Volume 14) - Leach, Amanda Jane
This article is from BMC Pediatrics, volume 14.AbstractBackground: In 2001 when 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) was introduced, almost all (90%) young Australian Indigenous children living in remote communities had some form of otitis media (OM), including 24% with tympanic membrane perforation (TMP). In late 2009, the Northern Territory childhood vaccination schedule replaced PCV7 with 10-valent pneumococcal Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine (PHiD-CV10)...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Food subsidy programs and the health and nutritional status of disadvantaged families in high income countries: a systematic review. (Volume 12) - Black, Andrew P
This article is from BMC Public Health, volume 12.AbstractBackground: Less healthy diets are common in high income countries, although proportionally higher in those of low socio-economic status. Food subsidy programs are one strategy to promote healthy nutrition and to reduce socio-economic inequalities in health. This review summarises the evidence for the health and nutritional impacts of food subsidy programs among disadvantaged families from high income countries...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Novel Family of Gynecologic Cancer Antigens Detected by Anti-HIV Antibody. (Volume 2) - Rakowicz-Szulczynska, Ewa M.
This article is from Infectious Diseases in Obstetrics and Gynecology, volume 2.AbstractObjective: The reactivity of gynecologic cancer proteins with monoclonal antibody (MAb) directed against the human immunodeficiency virus I (HIV-I) was tested.Methods: Cytoplasmic and nuclear proteins, extracted from a broad range of gynecologic cancers obtained during standard surgical procedures, were tested in Western blotting with MAb 5023 developed against the amino acid sequences 308–322 of the envelo...
[texts]Otitis media in young Aboriginal children from remote communities in Northern and Central Australia: a cross-sectional survey. (Volume 5) - Morris, Peter S
This article is from BMC Pediatrics, volume 5.AbstractBackground: Middle ear disease (otitis media) is common and frequently severe in Australian Aboriginal children. There have not been any recent large-scale surveys using clear definitions and a standardised middle ear assessment. The aim of the study was to determine the prevalence of middle ear disease (otitis media) in a high-risk population of young Aboriginal children from remote communities in Northern and Central Australia...
[texts]Pneumococcal vaccination and otitis media in Australian Aboriginal infants: comparison of two birth cohorts before and after introduction of vaccination. (Volume 9) - Mackenzie, Grant Austin
This article is from BMC Pediatrics, volume 9.AbstractBackground: Aboriginal children in remote Australia have high rates of complicated middle ear disease associated with Streptococcus pneumoniae and other pathogens. We assessed the effectiveness of pneumococcal vaccination for prevention of otitis media in this setting. Methods: We compared two birth cohorts, one enrolled before (1996–2001), and the second enrolled after introduction of 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate and booster 23-valent p...
Downloads: 1
[texts]Survival of pneumococcus on hands and fomites. (Volume 1) - Smith-Vaughan, Heidi
This article is from BMC Research Notes, volume 1.AbstractBackground: Pneumococcal hand contamination in Indigenous children in remote communities is common (37%). It is not clear whether this requires frequent inoculation, or if pneumococci will survive on hands for long periods of time. Thus the aim of this study was to determine the survival time of pneumococci on hands and fomites. Findings: The hands of 3 adult volunteers, a glass plate and plastic ball were inoculated with pneumococci susp...
[texts]A multi-center, randomized, double-blind, parallel, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of intravenous ibuprofen for the treatment of fever in critically ill and non-critically ill adults. (Volume 14) - Morris, Peter E
This article is from Critical Care, volume 14.AbstractIntroduction: Hospitalized patients are often unable to ingest or tolerate oral antipyretics and recently an aqueous formulation of intravenous (IV) ibuprofen was approved by the US-FDA for the reduction of fever in adults. Methods: We evaluated IV ibuprofen to reduce fever exceeding 101.0°F, measured as the percentage of subjects achieving a temperature
Downloads: 1
[texts]Epidemiology of nasopharyngeal carriage of respiratory bacterial pathogens in children and adults: cross-sectional surveys in a population with high rates of pneumococcal disease. (Volume 10) - Mackenzie, Grant A
This article is from BMC Infectious Diseases, volume 10.AbstractBackground: To determine the prevalence of carriage of respiratory bacterial pathogens, and the risk factors for and serotype distribution of pneumococcal carriage in an Australian Aboriginal population. Methods: Surveys of nasopharyngeal carriage of Streptococcus pneumoniae, non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis were conducted among adults (≥16 years) and children (2 to 15 years) in four rural communities...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Evaluation of cancer cluster reports in North Carolina - Aldrich, Tim E
Caption title
Keywords: Cancer
Downloads: 1,619
[texts]Quantitative PCR of ear discharge from Indigenous Australian children with acute otitis media with perforation supports a role for Alloiococcus otitidis as a secondary pathogen. (Volume 12) - Marsh, Robyn L
This article is from BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders, volume 12.AbstractBackground: Otitis media is endemic in remote Indigenous communities of Australia’s Northern Territory. Alloiococcus otitidis is an outer ear commensal and putative middle ear pathogen that has not previously been described in acute otitis media (AOM) in this population. The aims of this study were to determine the presence, antibiotic susceptibility and bacterial load of A...
Downloads: 8
[texts]A phase I study evaluating the pharmacokinetics, safety and tolerability of an antibody-based tissue factor antagonist in subjects with acute lung injury or acute respiratory distress syndrome. (Volume 12) - Morris, Peter E
This article is from BMC Pulmonary Medicine, volume 12.AbstractBackground: The tissue factor (TF)-dependent extrinsic pathway has been suggested to be a central mechanism by which the coagulation cascade is locally activated in the lungs of patients with acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) and thus represents an attractive target for therapeutic intervention. This study was designed to determine the pharmacokinetic and safety profiles of ALT-836, an anti-TF antib...
Downloads: 4
[texts]Measuring nasal bacterial load and its association with otitis media. (Volume 6) - Smith-Vaughan, Heidi
This article is from BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders, volume 6.AbstractBackground: Nasal colonisation with otitis media (OM) pathogens, particularly Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis, is a precursor to the onset of OM. Many children experience asymptomatic nasal carriage of these pathogens whereas others will progress to otitis media with effusion (OME) or suppurative OM...
[texts]Effect of health promotion and fluoride varnish on dental caries among Australian Aboriginal children: results from a community-randomized controlled trial*. (Volume 39) - Slade, Gary D
This article is from Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology, volume 39.AbstractObjectives: We tested a dental health program in remote Aboriginal communities of Australia's Northern Territory, hypothesizing that it would reduce dental caries in preschool children. Methods: In this 2-year, prospective, cluster-randomized, concurrent controlled, open trial of the dental health program compared to no such program, 30 communities were allocated at random to intervention and control groups...
Downloads: 1
[texts]A placebo-controlled, double-blind, dose-escalation study to assess the safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics/pharmacodynamics of single and multiple intravenous infusions of AZD9773 in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock. (Volume 16) - Morris, Peter E
This article is from Critical Care, volume 16.AbstractIntroduction: Tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), an early mediator in the systemic inflammatory response to infection, is a potential therapeutic target in sepsis. The primary objective of this study was to determine the safety and tolerability of AZD9773, an ovine, polyclonal, anti-human TNF-α Fab preparation, in patients with severe sepsis...
Downloads: 1
[texts]The Posterior Cricoarytenoid Muscle Is Spared from MuRF1-Mediated Muscle Atrophy in Mice with Acute Lung Injury. (Volume 9) - Files, D. Clark
This article is from PLoS ONE, volume 9.AbstractBackground: Skeletal muscle wasting in acute lung injury (ALI) patients increases the morbidity and mortality associated with this critical illness. The contribution of laryngeal muscle wasting to these outcomes is unknown, though voice impairments and aspiration are common in intensive care unit (ICU) survivors. We evaluated the intrinsic laryngeal abductor (PCA, posterior cricoarytenoid), adductor (CT, cricothyroid) and limb (EDL, extensor digito...
Downloads: 5
[texts]Mobile phones support adherence and retention of indigenous participants in a randomised controlled trial: strategies and lessons learnt. (Volume 14) - McCallum, Gabrielle B
This article is from BMC Public Health, volume 14.AbstractBackground: Ensuring adherence to treatment and retention is important in clinical trials, particularly in remote areas and minority groups. We describe a novel approach to improve adherence, retention and clinical review rates of Indigenous children. Methods: This descriptive study was nested within a placebo-controlled, randomised trial (RCT) on weekly azithromycin (or placebo) for 3-weeks...
Downloads: 3
[texts]Azithromycin for Indigenous children with bronchiectasis: study protocol for a multi-centre randomized controlled trial. (Volume 12) - Valery, Patricia C
This article is from BMC Pediatrics, volume 12.AbstractBackground: The prevalence of chronic suppurative lung disease (CSLD) and bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis (CF) among Indigenous children in Australia, New Zealand and Alaska is very high. Antibiotics are a major component of treatment and are used both on a short or long-term basis. One aim of long-term or maintenance antibiotics is to reduce the frequency of acute pulmonary exacerbations and symptoms...
[texts]The clinical course of acute otitis media in high-risk Australian Aboriginal children: a longitudinal study. (Volume 5) - Gibney, Katherine B
This article is from BMC Pediatrics, volume 5.AbstractBackground: It is unclear why some children with acute otitis media (AOM) have poor outcomes. Our aim was to describe the clinical course of AOM and the associated bacterial nasopharyngeal colonisation in a high-risk population of Australian Aboriginal children. Methods: We examined Aboriginal children younger than eight years who had a clinical diagnosis of AOM...
[texts]Emerging pneumococcal carriage serotypes in a high-risk population receiving universal 7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine and 23-valent polysaccharide vaccine since 2001. (Volume 9) - Leach, Amanda J
This article is from BMC Infectious Diseases, volume 9.AbstractBackground: In Australia in June 2001, a unique pneumococcal vaccine schedule commenced for Indigenous infants; seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (7PCV) given at 2, 4, and 6 months of age and 23-valent pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine (23PPV) at 18 months of age. This study presents carriage serotypes following this schedule...
Downloads: 2
[texts]Randomized placebo-controlled trial on azithromycin to reduce the morbidity of bronchiolitis in Indigenous Australian infants: rationale and protocol. (Volume 12) - Chang, Anne B
This article is from Trials, volume 12.AbstractBackground: Acute lower respiratory infections are the commonest cause of morbidity and potentially preventable mortality in Indigenous infants. Infancy is also a critical time for post-natal lung growth and development. Severe or repeated lower airway injury in very young children likely increases the likelihood of chronic pulmonary disorders later in life...
Downloads: 1
[texts]Novel Anti-Infective Compounds from Marine Bacteria. (Volume 8) - Rahman, Hafizur
This article is from Marine Drugs, volume 8.AbstractAs a result of the continuous evolution of microbial pathogens towards antibiotic-resistance, there have been demands for the development of new and effective antimicrobial compounds. Since the 1960s, the scientific literature has accumulated many publications about novel pharmaceutical compounds produced by a diverse range of marine bacteria. Indeed, marine micro-organisms continue to be a productive and successful focus for natural products r...
Downloads: 2
[texts]The study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of a family-centred tobacco control program about environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) to reduce respiratory illness in Indigenous infants. (Volume 10) - Johnston, Vanessa
This article is from BMC Public Health, volume 10.AbstractBackground: Acute respiratory illness (ARI) is the most common cause of acute presentations and hospitalisations of young Indigenous children in Australia and New Zealand (NZ). Environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) from household smoking is a significant and preventable contributor to childhood ARI. This paper describes the protocol for a study which aims to test the efficacy of a family-centred tobacco control program about ETS to improve th...
Downloads: 1
[texts]Dominance of Haemophilus influenzae in ear discharge from Indigenous Australian children with acute otitis media with tympanic membrane perforation. (Volume 13) - Smith-Vaughan, Heidi C
This article is from BMC Ear, Nose, and Throat Disorders, volume 13.AbstractBackground: Indigenous Australian children living in remote communities experience high rates of acute otitis media with tympanic membrane perforation (AOMwiP). Otitis media in this population is associated with dense nasopharyngeal colonization of three primary otopathogens; Haemophilus influenzae, Streptococcus pneumoniae and Moraxella catarrhalis...
Downloads: 4
[texts]Does a 10-valent pneumococcal-Haemophilus influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine prevent respiratory exacerbations in children with recurrent protracted bacterial bronchitis, chronic suppurative lung disease and bronchiectasis: protocol for a randomised controlled trial. (Volume 14) - O'Grady, Kerry-Ann F
This article is from Trials, volume 14.AbstractBackground: Recurrent protracted bacterial bronchitis (PBB), chronic suppurative lung disease (CSLD) and bronchiectasis are characterised by a chronic wet cough and are important causes of childhood respiratory morbidity globally. Haemophilus influenzae and Streptococcus pneumoniae are the most commonly associated pathogens. As respiratory exacerbations impair quality of life and may be associated with disease progression, we will determine if the n...
Downloads: 1
[texts]Bronchiectasis exacerbation study on azithromycin and amoxycillin-clavulanate for respiratory exacerbations in children (BEST-2): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. (Volume 14) - Chang, Anne B
This article is from Trials, volume 14.AbstractBackground: Bronchiectasis unrelated to cystic fibrosis (CF) is being increasingly recognized in children and adults globally, both in resource-poor and in affluent countries. However, high-quality evidence to inform management is scarce. Oral amoxycillin-clavulanate is often the first antibiotic chosen for non-severe respiratory exacerbations, because of the antibiotic-susceptibility patterns detected in the respiratory pathogens commonly associate...
Downloads: 4
[texts]Antibiotics for bronchiectasis exacerbations in children: rationale and study protocol for a randomised placebo-controlled trial. (Volume 13) - Chang, Anne B
This article is from Trials, volume 13.AbstractBackground: Despite bronchiectasis being increasingly recognised as an important cause of chronic respiratory morbidity in both indigenous and non-indigenous settings globally, high quality evidence to inform management is scarce. It is assumed that antibiotics are efficacious for all bronchiectasis exacerbations, but not all practitioners agree. Inadequately treated exacerbations may risk lung function deterioration...
Downloads: 1
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